How To Choose A Refrigerator?

There are many factors which comes into play while choosing a Refrigerator.

  • Types Of Refrigerators
  • Capacity or Size of Fridge
  • Energy Rating
  • Defrosting Type

Let’s have a look at them one-by-one! ๐Ÿ™‚

Types Of Refrigerators

  • Single Door Refrigerator
  • Double-Door Refrigerator
  • Side-by-Side Refrigerator
  • Bottom Freezer Refrigerator
  • French Door Refrigerator

1.Single Door Refrigerator

Single Door Refrigerator in India
  • It is a Refrigerator which only has one door(As the name suggests!)
  • It has a capacity anywhere from 50 to 250 L
  • A Single door Refrigerator is good for a family size of 1 to 3 members!
  • It occupies less amount of Space
  • Their cost are also very Reasonable.
  • In these type of Refrigerator, you have to open the main door first and then the freezer door to access the freezer
  • Power is consumed less as compared to double-door

2.Double Door Refrigerator

double door Refrigerator in India
  • As the name suggests, it has two doors.
  • A double door refrigerator is great for a family of 3-4 members
  • It comes frost free with electric fans
  • It is huge and requires more space in the house
  • Power is consumed more as compared to single door refrigerator
  • Double door Refrigerators have a capacity 235 litres to 495 litres

3.Side by Side Refrigerator

Side by Side Refrigerator in India
  • These Type of Refrigerators are not as energy efficient as compared to other types of Refrigerators.
  • They are of slim style which limits the amount of food that can be stored inside.
  • They have the benefit of requiring small door swing space which makes them ideal for kitchens with limited area.
  • They are also budget-friendly .
  • Some of them also have external ice machine and water dispenser

4.Bottom Freezer Refrigerator

Bottom Freezer Refrigerator in India
  • The Bottom Freezer utilizes the lesser-used space at the basement as compared to side-by-side refrigerator
  • They have pull-out drawers have adjustable shelves!
  • The Refrigerator portion occupies more space because the freezer has been moved to the bottom!
  • Most Bottom Freezer Refrigerators are equipped with handy pull out baskets making more storage! ๐Ÿ˜‰
  • The total cost depends on brand,size but generally, these type of Refrigerators tend to be on more expensive sides.
  • You will always have to bent down to take frozen items from Refrigerator which is not good for elderly people! ๐Ÿ™

5.French Door Refrigerator

French Door Refrigerator in India
  • They are one of the most popular styles of Refrigerators used today! ๐Ÿ˜€
  • They are basically side by side refrigerator with a bottom freezer
  • Frozen Food have to be stacked on top of each other unlike the more organized side by side ๐Ÿ™
  • These type of Refrigerators can be expensive!
  • They gives you an illusion of your kitchen looking bigger!!
  • They have an energy saving benefit too! ๐Ÿ˜€

Capacity of a Refrigerator

The larger your Refrigerator, More will be its Energy Consumption. If you are Replacing your old fridge with a new one, do not keep the old fridge because then it will consume even more energy. Unless, you absolutely need two refrigerators for your food’s cooling needs, you should definitely send the old for recycling. This will also save your energy consumption! ๐Ÿ™‚

The size of your Refrigerator will often depend on the size of your Family members. If your Family have more than 5-6 members, go ahead with a Refrigerator whose net capacity is more than 500L, otherwise you would be okay with a capacity of less than 500L! ๐Ÿ™‚

What is the Defrosting System in a Refrigerator?

The defrost system is found in all the refrigeration systems, household as well as the industrial systems.

The refrigeration systems are used to develop temperature below the freezing point temperature of water.

When the refrigeration systems works continuously for long periods of time a layer of ice or frost is built around the evaporator coil or the freezer that does not allows the cooling effect from the evaporator to pass into the freezer thus acting as the insulator.

This leads to loss of the precious cooling effect and reduction of coefficient of performance of the refrigerator and ultimately excessive increase in the electricity bills.

Thus the householder gets less freezing effect and has to pay more bills.

So the question is what are the various ways of Defrosting?

There are three methods of Defrosting

  • Manual Defrosting
  • Defrosting by Thermostat
  • Defrosting by Heater

1.Manual Defrosting

This is the oldest method of defrosting used in the earliest refrigerators that had no automatic defrost systems.

When the householder sees the layer of ice on the evaporator coil of the freezer, they simply shut down the refrigerator and keep its doors open.

Since the compressor has stopped there is no more formation of the cooling effect and the cabinet of refrigerator starts getting heated.

The ice on the evaporator coil starts melting and gets completely removed after certain period of time thus completing the process of defrosting

2.Defrosting by Thermostat

The modern day refrigerators are fitted with thermostat that enables the user to set certain temperature in the freezer compartment as per their requirement.

Besides this, there is a small plastic tray below the freezer compartment where the excess water from freezer is collected.

When the temperature set by the user is attained the thermostat stops supply of power to the compressor and there is halt in production of the cooling effect.

This occurs several times throughout the day. During this period, the ice collected on the evaporator coil of the freezer starts melting and the water, called condensate, is collected in the tray.

This tray has a small outlet at its bottom back side in its middle part. 3

Small tubing is connected to this outlet and this tube comes outside from the backside of the refrigerator.

In the bottom of the backside of refrigerator there is a compressor above which a small plastic condensate pan is kept.

The tubing extends till this pan and the defrost water from the freezer is delivered here.

Due to heat liberated by the compressor, the water in the pan tends to get evaporated. But sometimes the amount of defrost water is too high and the pan may overflow.

In such cases the water has to be removed at regular intervals. This type of automatic defrost system is used in the single door refrigerators.

3.Defrosting by Heater

This automatic defrost system is employed in refrigerators with more than one door.

In these refrigerators the freezer section is separated from the cooling cabinets. There is ducting in the PUF of the refrigerator that allows the flow of maximum cooling effect to the freezer and least to the cabinet meant for keeping the things cool.

Apart from the thermostat, there is also a heater fitted to the evaporator coil of these refrigerators. At certain regular intervals, there is stoppage of supply of electricity to the compressor and at the same time the supply to the heater is started.

This occurs for very short period of time, like few minutes and during this period all the frost accumulated on the evaporator gets removed.

The condensate is collected via small tubing from the back of the refrigerator into a small plastic condensate at the bottom of the refrigerator, very much like in the previous case.

Conclusion– I think buying a Refrigerator with an automatic Defrosting system is way better than buying one with that requires manual work! ๐Ÿ™‚

Here are some pros and cons of Automatic Defrosting Refrigerators!


  • Easy maintenance,saves time and effort

  • You need to clean out the whole refrigerator only once a year! ๐Ÿ˜€

  • You will have more space for your food storage since there will be no ice buildup in your freezer or refrigerator!


  • They cost more and use more electricity than the manual ones! ๐Ÿ™

  • They consume more energy and also makes a bit noise during the operations of defrosting automatically!

Here are the pros and cons of Manual Defrosting Refrigerators!


  • These Type of Refrigerators cost less and are more energy efficient than the automical ones

  • They can maintain more consistent temperature for storing a large amount of food!


  • Frost build up over time because they do not have any heating elements to melt the ice

  • Defrosting the Refrigerator takes time and effort!

  • It can take upto hours and you would have to put in a lot of work! ๐Ÿ™

How to Choose an Energy Efficient Refrigerator?

What is the meaning of this “Energy Efficient”?

It basically means things or appliances that reduces the emission of Greenhouse Gases.

  • Less expensive models sometimes are older models that do not meet the energy star qualifications. These models are a minimum of 20% less efficient than the Energy Star rated refrigerators.
  • Make sure that your Refrigerator has an Energy Star
  • Consider opting out of the icemaker and dispenser. Yes, theyโ€™re convenient and reduce the need to open the door, which in turn helps the freezer maintain a consistent temperature more easily. But they do increase a refrigeratorโ€™s energy use by 14-20 percent and usually increase the purchase cost of the fridge as well.
  • Look for a fridge with an โ€œenergy saverโ€ switch. This switch lets you turn down or off the heating coils that prevent condensation. This enables you to better control the anti-sweat heaters in the fridge, which can lower your refrigerator energy costs by 5-10 percent.
  • Consider your familyโ€™s needs, and get the right size. What is the standard size of a refrigerator in cubic feet? Fridges come in many different sizes, but the most energy-efficient refrigerators are usually 16-20 cubic feet.

Are you wondering which style of Refrigerator is most Energy efficient?

When buying a refrigerator, energy efficiency is achieved best when considering freezer placement. In the energy efficiency battle of bottom-mount freezer vs. side-by-side fridges or top-mount freezer vs. side-by-side fridges โ€” yes, it does matter where that freezer sits:

 The most energy efficient refrigerator style is a top-mount freezer refrigerator

Top mount Freezer Refrigerators use 10-30% less energy than the models of side-by-side Refrigerators

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